Learn the Step-by-Step Guide to Writing an App from Scratch – Tips, Tools, and Best Practices

How to write an app

If you’re a developer, there are plenty of reasons why you might want to write an app. Maybe you have a great idea for a new storage tool or a mobile app that can help users organize their daily tasks. Whatever your reasons may be, building a successful app requires careful planning and execution.

One tool that can help you get started is Appwrite. Appwrite is a backend server ready to take care of many things for you − like authentication, databases, and image storage. It’s a hassle-free way of making your app work faster. Plus, it’s built-in features like user authentication and analytics can be a real game-changer in getting your app ready for the public.

If you’re new to app development, don’t worry. This step-by-step guide will walk you through the most important things you need to know to create your first app. We’ll start with the basics, such as setting up a development environment and choosing the right programming language, and then we’ll dive into more advanced topics like data validation and real-time event handling.

Before we get started, there are a few things you should know. First, you’ll need to have some experience with programming and web development. While building an app doesn’t require expert-level skills, having a solid understanding of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is definitely a plus. Second, we’ll be using Django as our backend framework, so if you’re already familiar with this tool, you’re good to go! If not, don’t worry − we’ll walk you through the installation and setup steps.

Alright, let’s get started! Follow these 10 steps–plus our recommendations along the way–and you’ll be well on your way to building a top-notch app that users will love.



Shoutem is a tool that helps you create mobile apps without the need for programming knowledge. With Shoutem, you can build your own app in just 10 easy steps, plus there are 5 things you should do first. If you’re ready to get started, here’s a step-by-step guide on how to create an app using Shoutem.

Step 1: Create an Account

Step 1: Create an Account

The first thing you need to do is create an account on the Shoutem website. Once you have an account, you can start building your app right away.

Step 2: Choose a Template

Shoutem offers a range of pre-built app templates that you can choose from. These templates have different layouts and designs, so pick the one that suits your app’s purpose.

Step 3: Customize the Design

Once you’ve selected a template, you can customize the design to make it your own. Shoutem provides an easy-to-use drag-and-drop interface that allows you to change the colors, fonts, and images of your app.

Step 4: Add Features

Shoutem has a wide range of built-in features that you can add to your app, such as user authentication, push notifications, analytics, and more. Choose the features that you want to include in your app and Shoutem will handle the rest.

Step 5: Define App Structure

Next, you need to define the structure of your app. This includes creating pages, adding navigation menus, and organizing the content of your app.

Step 6: Add Content

Now it’s time to add content to your app. This can include text, images, videos, and any other type of media that you want to include in your app.

Step 7: Test Your App

Before you launch your app, it’s important to test it thoroughly. Shoutem provides a testing tool that allows you to preview your app on real devices and make sure everything is working as expected.

Step 8: Publish Your App

Once you’re satisfied with your app, it’s time to publish it. Shoutem offers a seamless publishing process that allows you to publish your app to the Apple App Store, Google Play Store, and other app distribution platforms.

Step 9: Gather Feedback

After your app is live, it’s important to gather feedback from your users. Shoutem provides built-in analytics that allows you to track user behavior and make data-driven improvements to your app.

Step 10: Make Updates

Your app is live, but the journey doesn’t end there. Keep making updates and improvements to your app based on user feedback and market trends. Shoutem makes it easy to make updates to your app in real-time.

Things to Do First

Before you start building your app, there are 5 things you should do first:

  1. Define the purpose of your app and identify your target audience.
  2. Research the competition and find out what similar apps are already out there.
  3. Create a document outlining your app’s features, functionalities, and design preferences.
  4. Choose a backend tool for your app, such as Django or AppWrite, if needed.
  5. Think about reusability and scalability. Plan your app’s architecture and design with the future in mind.

By following these steps and doing these things first, you’ll be well on your way to creating a successful mobile app. Good luck!

Reusability matters¶

When it comes to app development, reusability is a key factor to consider. Being able to reuse code and resources can save you both time and effort in the long run. This is especially important when building mobile apps, where you want to get your product ready as quickly as possible.

One of the main reasons why reusability matters is that it allows developers to work faster and more efficiently. By reusing code, you don’t have to start from scratch every time you want to add a new feature or functionality to your app. Instead, you can build upon existing code and make the necessary modifications.

For example, if you were building a social media app, you might need features like user authentication, image storage, real-time updates, and analytics. Instead of writing all of this code from scratch, you could use pre-built packages or libraries that already provide these functionalities. This not only saves you time, but also ensures that you’re using reliable and tested code.

Another advantage of reusability in app development is that it allows you to easily maintain and update your code. If you have multiple projects or apps, using reusable code can help you keep your codebase organized and consistent. Instead of duplicating similar code across different projects, you can create separate packages or modules that can be reused.

Reusability also plays a crucial role in the backend development of your app. By using tools like Django or Appwrite, you can take advantage of built-in functions and models that can be reused across different projects. This can save you the hassle of re-implementing common backend features like user authentication, database management, and URL routing.

To make reusability a reality, there are several steps you can follow:

  1. Document your code: By documenting your code, you make it easier for other developers to understand and reuse it.
  2. Create modular and reusable components: Break down your code into smaller, reusable parts that can be easily integrated into other projects.
  3. Follow best practices and coding conventions: By adhering to industry standards, your code will be easier to understand and maintain by other developers.
  4. Collect feedback and make improvements: Actively seek feedback from other developers or users of your code to identify areas for improvement.
  5. Contribute to open-source projects: By contributing to open-source projects, you can learn from others and share your own reusable code.

In conclusion, reusability matters in app development for several reasons. It can help you work faster, reduce code duplication, and ensure the reliability and maintainability of your codebase. By following these steps–plus using the right tools and packages–you can create reusable code that will make your app development process more efficient and hassle-free.

Your backend minus the hassle

When it comes to building mobile apps, one of the most important things to consider is how to manage the backend. The backend is responsible for handling data storage, user authentication, and other essential functions. However, setting up and managing a backend can be a hassle, especially if you’re a first-time app developer or if you’re short on time.

That’s where appwrite can help. Appwrite is a powerful backend-as-a-service tool that makes backend development faster and easier. It provides ready-to-use backend APIs for common features like user authentication, databases, storage, and more. With appwrite, you can follow a step-by-step guide to create a backend for your app in no time.

Here’s how it works:

  1. Getting started: To get started with appwrite, you need to create an account and set up your project. Once you’re set up, you can start building your app right away.
  2. Backend setup: Appwrite provides a set of pre-built APIs for common features like user authentication, image storage, and realtime databases. You can easily integrate these APIs into your app to save time and effort.
  3. Building your app: With appwrite, you can focus on building the frontend of your app without worrying about backend implementation. You can use appwrite’s APIs to handle user management, data storage, and other backend functionalities.
  4. Validation and testing: Appwrite offers built-in validation and testing tools to help you ensure the quality and reliability of your app. You can validate and test your app’s functionality in real-time to catch any bugs or issues before deploying it.
  5. Analytics and feedback: Appwrite also provides analytics and feedback tools to help you understand how your app is performing and gather user feedback. You can use this data to make improvements and optimize your app.
  6. Deployment and scalability: Once your app is ready, you can deploy it to your desired platform with just a few clicks. Appwrite takes care of the backend infrastructure, making it easier for you to scale your app as needed.

With appwrite, you can focus on the core aspects of your app and let the backend be handled effortlessly. Its step-by-step guide and ready-to-use functionality remove the hassle of setting up and managing a backend from scratch. Whether you’re a new developer or an experienced one, appwrite can save you time and effort in backend development.

So if you’re thinking about building a mobile app and you want to skip the backend hassle, give appwrite a shout. Take advantage of its powerful features and recommendations to make your app development process faster and more efficient. With appwrite, your backend minus the hassle!


Authentication, or “Auth” for short, is a crucial aspect of app development. Whether you’re building a mobile app, a web app, or anything in between, you need a way to verify the identity of your users and ensure that only authorized individuals have access to certain features and data.

In this guide, we’ll take you through the steps–plus recommendations–on how to do Auth in your app. We’ll cover everything from the right tools to use, the functions and models you’ll need to create, and the steps you should follow to make sure Auth works smoothly with the rest of your app’s development.

If you’re already using a backend tool like Django or Appwrite, you’re in luck! These frameworks have built-in Auth functionalities that can help you get started faster. However, if you’re starting from scratch or using a different programming language or framework, don’t worry–we’ve got you covered too.

First, let’s think about why Auth matters. There are several reasons why you need to have proper authentication in your app:

Security: Auth ensures that only authorized users can access certain features and data, protecting both your users and your app’s integrity.
User Analytics: With Auth in place, you can track user activity and gather valuable analytics to understand how your app is being used and make informed decisions.
User Feedback: Auth allows you to establish user accounts, enabling users to provide feedback, create lists, and interact with your app in a personalized way.
Data Storage: Auth is closely tied to data storage and databases. It ensures that users’ data is securely stored and accessible only to authorized individuals.

Now, let’s dive into the step-by-step guide to getting Auth set up in your app:

  1. Choose the right Auth tool: There are many tools and packages available that make Auth implementation easier. Research and choose the one that best fits your app’s requirements.
  2. Set up your Auth URLs: Define the URLs for handling user authentication, such as login, registration, password reset, and more.
  3. Create Auth models: Define the necessary database models to store user information, such as username, password, and additional user data.
  4. Implement validation and error handling: Add validation checks to ensure the accuracy and security of user inputs. Handle any errors that may occur during the Auth process.
  5. Integrate Auth with existing functionality: Auth needs to work seamlessly with other app features and functions. Make sure to integrate it into your app’s flow in a way that doesn’t disrupt the user experience.
  6. Test and retest: Before launching your app, thoroughly test the Auth functionality to identify and fix any potential issues or vulnerabilities.

Following these steps will help you create a robust and secure Auth system for your app. Auth is a critical component in the realm of app development, and with the right implementation, you can provide your users with a seamless and secure experience.


When building an app, one of the key components you’ll need to consider is the database. A database is a structured collection of data that can be accessed and manipulated using various methods. It is used to store and organize data in a way that allows for efficient retrieval and data management.

There are many different types of databases available, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. However, if you’re creating your first app, there are a few key considerations to keep in mind when choosing a database.

First, you’ll need to decide on the model of your database. This involves determining the structure and relationships between the different entities in your app. The model will define how data is organized and accessed within your app.

Many frameworks, including Django, come with built-in support for databases. Django provides an Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) layer that allows you to define your database models using Python classes. This makes it easier to work with databases, as you can manipulate data using familiar Python syntax.

If you’re building a mobile app, you’ll need to think about how your app will interact with the backend database. There are several options available, including using a REST API to communicate with a remote database or using a local database that is installed on the user’s device.

Appwrite, for example, is a powerful backend-as-a-service tool that can help you with all aspects of backend development, including database management. It provides a simple and hassle-free way to create and manage databases for your app. With Appwrite, you can easily set up a realtime database that syncs data across all devices in realtime.

Another important consideration when working with databases is data validation and security. You’ll need to ensure that the data being stored in your database is valid and secure. This involves validating input data to prevent malicious code or incorrect data from being stored, as well as implementing proper authentication and authorization mechanisms to control access to your database.

There are many packages available that can help you with database management and data validation. These packages provide pre-built functions and tools that can make working with databases easier and faster.

Once you have your database set up and ready to go, you can start building your app. It’s important to follow best practices and guidelines when working with databases to ensure the optimal performance and reusability of your code.

Analytics can also be a valuable tool when working with databases. By tracking and analyzing user interactions and behaviors, you can gain insights into how your app is being used and make informed decisions about future development and improvements.

In conclusion, databases are a crucial part of app development. By taking the right steps –plus the recommendations outlined in this guide– you can create a solid and efficient database for your app that will help it function smoothly and provide a great user experience.

Remember, feedback matters. If you have any questions or need further assistance with databases and programming, don’t hesitate to reach out for help. Happy coding!


When it comes to building a mobile app, functions are an essential tool that can make your development process faster and more efficient. Functions allow you to break down your app into smaller, reusable parts of code that can perform specific tasks.

One popular tool for app development is Shoutem, a platform that provides a step-by-step guide to getting started with building mobile apps. Shoutem offers a variety of ready-made functions and packages that you can use in your projects, saving you time and hassle. With Shoutem, you can create stunning apps with built-in features like authentication, analytics, real-time feedback, and more.

If you’re already familiar with programming, you’re probably familiar with the concept of functions. However, if you’re new to programming, functions are essentially blocks of code that take input, perform a specific set of actions, and return an output. Functions are a fundamental part of any programming language and are crucial for building complex applications.

One of the reasons functions are so important is their reusability. By breaking your app’s functionality into smaller functions, you can easily reuse code throughout your project, saving you time and ensuring consistency. This reusability can also make it easier to debug and test your code, as you can focus on individual functions rather than the entire app.

In addition to reusability, functions help to organize and structure your code. By dividing your app’s functionality into separate functions, you can improve the readability and maintainability of your code. Functions also allow you to break down complex tasks into smaller, more manageable steps, making it easier to follow the flow of your app.

When it comes to app development, there are several recommendations to keep in mind when working with functions. First, it’s important to use descriptive function names that accurately describe what the function does. This makes your code more readable and helps other developers understand your intentions.

Second, consider the scope of your functions. It’s generally best to keep your functions as small as possible, focusing on a single task. This makes your code modular and easier to test and debug.

Third, make use of function parameters and return values. Function parameters allow you to pass data into a function, while return values let you retrieve the results of a function’s calculations. These features make your functions more flexible and enable them to interact with other parts of your app.

Finally, document your functions. Adding comments to your code explaining the purpose of each function can be invaluable to both yourself and other developers. Good documentation helps you understand what your functions do, how to use them, and can make it easier for others to contribute to your codebase.

In summary, functions are a crucial aspect of app development. They provide reusability, structure, and efficiency, helping you build better and more maintainable apps. By following these recommendations and utilizing the right tools and frameworks like Shoutem or Django, you can make the most of functions in your app development projects.


If you’re building a mobile app, chances are you’ll need to store data such as user profiles, images, or other content. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the steps–plus some recommendations–to help you choose the right storage solution for your app.

There are several reasons why you might want to use external storage for your app. One reason is scalability – as your app grows and more users start using it, you’ll need a scalable storage solution that can handle increased demand. Another reason is reusability – if you’re developing multiple projects or apps, having a centralized storage solution can save time and hassle.

One popular tool for backend storage is Django, a database tool that works well with the Django web framework. Django provides built-in support for working with databases, making it easier for developers to create, manage, and query their data. However, if you’re looking for a more lightweight and developer-friendly tool, you might want to consider using appwrite.

Appwrite is an open-source backend-as-a-service platform that provides a variety of features such as user authentication, real-time event handling, and file storage. It offers ready-to-use APIs and SDKs that make it easy to integrate storage capabilities into your app. With appwrite, you can store and retrieve files, validate images, and even create public URLs for easy sharing.

Getting started with appwrite is simple. First, you’ll need to create an account and set up a project. Once you have your project set up, you can start making API calls to store and retrieve data. Appwrite offers step-by-step documentation and example code to guide you through the process.

One of the most important steps in using storage is data validation. You’ll want to ensure that the data you’re storing is valid and meets your app’s requirements. Appwrite provides built-in validation functions that you can use to enforce data integrity and ensure that only valid data is stored in your databases.

When it comes to storage, security is also a major concern. You’ll want to ensure that the data you’re storing is protected from unauthorized access. Appwrite offers built-in authentication and security features that allow you to control who can access your stored data.

Another important aspect of storage is analytics. You’ll want to track how users are interacting with your app and gain insights into their behavior. Appwrite offers analytics functions that allow you to monitor user activity and track events such as app launches, button clicks, and more.

In summary, storage is a crucial component of mobile app development. Whether you’re building a simple app or a complex one, choosing the right storage solution can make a big difference in the performance and usability of your app. By following the steps outlined in this guide–plus taking into account the recommendations and best practices–you’ll be well on your way to making an app with fast and reliable storage.


If you want to create a mobile app, one of the most important factors to consider is its realtime functionality. Realtime capabilities can greatly enhance your app’s user experience by allowing users to interact with each other and receive instant updates.

Appwrite provides built-in support for realtime functionalities so you can easily incorporate them into your app. With Appwrite, you don’t have to worry about the hassle of setting up your own backend infrastructure or dealing with complex coding. Appwrite takes care of all the heavy lifting, so you can focus on building your app.

One of the key features of Appwrite is its support for realtime databases. Realtime databases enable your app to automatically sync and update data in real time, providing a seamless and dynamic user experience. Whether you’re building a chat app, a collaborative tool, or any other app that relies on instant data updates, using Appwrite’s realtime databases is highly recommended.

Appwrite also provides a variety of other tools and functions that can help you make your app truly realtime. For example, you can use Appwrite’s event-driven programming model to trigger actions in real time based on specific events or user interactions. This allows you to create interactive and engaging experiences for your users.

Furthermore, Appwrite offers realtime analytics that provide valuable insights into how your app is being used. With Appwrite’s analytics, you can track user behavior, monitor app performance, and gather feedback to continuously improve your app. Realtime analytics enable you to make data-driven decisions and ensure that your app is meeting the needs of your users.

If you’re already a mobile app developer or have some experience building apps, you may be familiar with tools like Django or Shoutem. While these platforms have their own strengths, Appwrite offers a more streamlined and efficient approach to building realtime apps.

Appwrite provides a step-by-step guide to help you get started with building your app. From setting up your project to implementing realtime functionality, Appwrite walks you through each step to ensure you have everything you need to create a realtime app.

One of the reasons why Appwrite is so popular among developers is its reusability. Appwrite provides a collection of pre-built packages and functions that you can use to speed up your development process. These packages help you avoid reinventing the wheel and enable you to focus on the unique aspects of your app.

In addition to realtime functionality, Appwrite offers a wide range of other features that you may find useful for your app. For example, Appwrite has built-in authentication (auth) and storage functionalities. These features allow you to securely manage user accounts and store and retrieve data, respectively.

So, if you’re looking to create a mobile app with realtime capabilities, Appwrite is the right tool for the job. It takes care of the backend infrastructure, provides a user-friendly interface, and offers a wealth of features to help you bring your app to life.

Follow the steps below to get started with Appwrite:

  1. Create an Appwrite account.
  2. Set up your project and define its requirements.
  3. Choose the programming language you want to use.
  4. Install the Appwrite SDK for your chosen language.
  5. Configure your app’s URLs and routing.
  6. Design and implement your app’s frontend.
  7. Connect your app to the Appwrite backend.
  8. Implement realtime functionality using Appwrite’s tools and functions.
  9. Test and debug your app.
  10. Deploy your app to a public server or app store.

By following these 10 steps, you’ll have a fully functional app with realtime capabilities, ready for users to start using and enjoying.


How to Make an App – Lesson 1 (2023 / Xcode 14 / SwiftUI)

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